The Atacama Giant
, or the Giant of Tarapacá is a geoglyph in Chile considered the largest prehistoric anthropomorphic drawing in the world, measuring 119 meters. Today, the age of the drawing is most often estimated to be between 3,000
and 9,000 years old
The image of the giant is located 1370 kilometers from the Nazca geoglyphs in Peru; Nazca
is a desert plateau in the north of the Atacama Desert
. There are at least 21 other geometric and zoomorphic figures on the slopes of the hill with the geoglyph, which are believed to have been made by members of the same culture.
The giant was first spotted during a research flight by Eduardo Iensen Franke in 1967, accompanied by archaeologists Delbert True, Lautaro Núñez and M.C. Mandoff.
The discoverer of the geoglyph, Eduardo Iensen Franke
, was a military officer, a pioneering aviator, and Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Air Force. Upon graduation, he received a scholarship to join the German Luftwaffe, where he studied the structure of the German Air Force and flew some forty machines, from the Brücker to the Messerschmidt.
He was also selected by the Chilean Air Force to attend a gliding course in Germany, where, with this specialty, Eduardo Iensen represented the country at the Berlin Olympics. At that time, the Air Force assigned him to conduct a gliding course and to serve on a commission to study the acquisition of aircraft in Europe.
During his service in the Chilean Air Force, he received a number of awards, the first of which was the Order of the German Eagle
of the Third Reich (the first recipient of this order was B. Mussolini).
1960 г. - Appointed General of Aviation and Chief of Staff.
1961 - appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Air Force until March 1964, when he was granted retirement.
After his retirement from the Air Force in 1964, he devoted himself fully to his other passions: conservation and archaeology.
In 1967, he was on a research flight in the northern Pampa del Tamarugal with archaeologists Delbert True, Lautaro Núñez, and M.C. Mandoff when they first spotted an anthropomorphic geoglyph about 100 meters high on Unita Hill, which was later named the Atacama Giant.
Eduardo Iensen collaborated extensively with the Belgian-Chilean Jesuit Gustavo Le Paige de Walque
in his archaeological investigations.Some modern revisionists suggest
that many of the geoglyphs of Nazca and its environs were created about a century ago, under the guidance of German planners (perhaps to confirm the hypothesis of paleocontact
) and approved with the help of the Vatican (through a reference in the new volumes of Pedro Cieza' Peruvian chronicles
found in the Vatican library, already after the discovery of the geoglyphs themselves). For example, among the geoglyphs on the Palpa plateau
in the previous decades a couple of "autographs of the builders", simultaneously disappeared from the relief on the terrain 6 years ago, a couple of years after their discovery among the other geoglyphs of Palpa
by independent researchers.
In this case, it is possible that the Chilean geoglyph of the giant Tarapaca has an origin similar to Peruvian, because today this image is used by some followers of the New Age movement
as proof of paleocontact and connection of the Vatican with the "ancient astronauts"
, as one of the robes of the Christian pontiff contains this image. In this case, it is possible that the geoglyph of the Atacama Desert giant is not as ancient as is commonly believed today.